What is dark tourism in travel and tourism? (2024)

What is dark tourism in travel and tourism?

Dark tourism is a loose label given to any sort of tourism that involves visiting places where some of the darkest events of human history have unfolded. These dark events are usually associated with death caused by a natural or man-made disaster, an atrocity, or what can also be called 'difficult heritage'.

What is dark tourism and why is it so popular?

Dark tourism is a loose label given to any sort of tourism that involves visiting places where some of the darkest events of human history have unfolded. These dark events are usually associated with death caused by a natural or man-made disaster, an atrocity, or what can also be called 'difficult heritage'.

What are the types of tourism dark tourism?

The consensus between the literature researchers is that dark tourism has a typology depending on the visitors' motivations and sites, namely War/Battlefield Tourism, Disaster Tourism, Prison Tourism, Cemetery Tourism, Ghost Tourism, and Holocaust Tourism.

What is the theory of dark tourism?

Also known as dark tourism, this modality exploits the cultural heritage related to death, suffering and pain to generate a different experience. Through a methodological procedure of qualitative approach, it is known that in the country there are potentialities for its development.

What is the dark side of tourism industry?

However, the fact is that the repercussions of excessive tourism extend beyond the limits of local communities, taking the lives of local flora and fauna by destroying food chains, defertilizing soil, and harming agriculture. Animals are particularly vulnerable to exploitation as a result of over-tourism.

Why do people love dark tourism?

Lennon and Foley state that these visits are "motivated by a desire for real or symbolic encounters with death. ". The motivations for visiting dark tourism sites have been more or less the same for centuries: contemplation, the desire to better understand history and to immerse oneself in it at the same time.

Why is it called dark tourism?

Dark tourism refers to tourism to sites of mass tragedy and death. Today, dark tourism has many names, among them, Thanatourism, grief tourism, and morbid tourism. There are also many facets of dark tourism, such as nuclear tourism, war tourism or slum tourism (more of these below).

Where is dark tourism popular?

Chernobyl, Ukraine

Source 33 years after the incident, major companies run guided tours to Pripyat and Chernobyl. Tourists get to witness the crumbling buildings and abandoned classrooms that leave them amused. It is said that Chernobyl is radioactive even today but it is completely safe if you limit the exposure time.

What is a negative of dark tourism?

A negative impact of dark tourism is that the location can become a shire for hate and bigotry. Many buildings built during the Nazi's rule over Germany were demolished after the war by allied forces, due to fears they would become shires for Neo-Nazis.

How big is dark tourism?

The Dark Tourism market is estimated to reach US$ 30 Billion in 2022. As per the report, sales are forecast to increase at a robust 2% CAGR, with the market valuation reaching US$ 36.5 Billion by 2032.

What is an example of dark tourism?

Destinations of dark tourism include castles and battlefields such as Culloden in Scotland and Bran Castle and Poienari Castle in Romania; former prisons such as Beaumaris Prison in Anglesey, Wales and the Jack the Ripper exhibition in the London Dungeon; sites of natural disasters or man made disasters, such as ...

What draws people to dark tourism?

Another motivation for dark tourism is the desire for personal growth or spiritual development. Tourists may visit sites associated with death and suffering to confront their mortality or seek enlightenment.

How did dark tourism start?

John Lennon, a professor of tourism at Glasgow Caledonian University, in Scotland, who coined the term with a colleague in 1996. “There's evidence that dark tourism goes back to the Battle of Waterloo where people watched from their carriages the battle taking place.”

What are the five 5 typologies of dark tourism?

From the perspective of tourist behavior, dark tourism can be subdivided into five types: witnessing public deaths, visiting places of mass or individual deaths, visiting detention or memorial sites, visiting the deceased's portraits or symbolic memorials, and observing simulations or performances of death [15].

Is dark tourism acceptable?

It's indeed ethically dubious to go to places suffering from ongoing disaster just to ogle (it's different if you're there to help, of course – but see categories of dark tourism, esp. disaster-area tourism).

Who invented dark tourism?

The term “dark tourism” was coined in 1996, by two academics from Scotland, J. John Lennon and Malcolm Foley, who wrote “Dark Tourism: The Attraction to Death and Disaster.”

Why is dark tourism on the rise?

Unique experiences, fascination & and curiosity, education, historical significance, and commemoration are the major factors associated with dark tourism that boost the growth of the market. Tragedies and deaths fascinate & attract tourists despite the negative notions associated with them.

What is the conclusion of dark tourism?

Findings: Concludes that the concept of dark tourism remains relevant and that what is interpreted, merits educational focus and what is ignored is a function of the complex interaction of commercial potential, political will and social acceptability.

Is Alcatraz dark tourism?

Dark Tourism Examples

Dark exhibitions, such as the Museum of Death on Hollywood Boulevard. Dark dungeons, such as the Alcatraz prison. Dark resting places, such as the Lafayette cemetery in New Orleans. Dark shrines, such as the Zenko-ji temple in Japan.

What is GREY tourism?

Grey tourism is a niche business that caters to senior citizens. Other words for this generation are senior, mature, woopies (well-off older folks), and prime lifers.

What is dark age of tourism?

Dark tourism is a type of tourism that involves visiting places where significant but tragic historical and cultural events have occurred. It is popular for reasons such as understanding and remembering history, exploring cultural identity, and personal satisfaction.

What is a grief tourist?

Meaning of grief tourist in English

someone who visits a place because something bad happened there: Grief tourists continue to visit the house where the girls were murdered.

What is another name for dark tourism?

Many scholars also came up with other terms and labels to describe such phenomenon including thanatourism (Seaton, 1996), disaster tourism (Rojek, 1993), black spot tourism (Rojek, 1993), morbid tourism (Blom, 2000) and even phoenix tourism (Powell et al., 2018).

What are the 4 C's of tourism?

The 4Cs are Conservation, Community, Commerce and Culture.

How does dark tourism affect the economy?

Dark tourism can have both positive and negative impacts on the local community. On the positive side, it can lead to economic improvement, employment opportunities, community pride, cultural exchanges, and increased availability of facilities .

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