Is retardation a mental disorder? (2024)

Is retardation a mental disorder?

1. Mental retardation and mental illness are two distinct conditions. Mental retardation is incomplete mental de- velopment. Mentally retarded persons are those whose normal intellectual growth was arrested at some time be- fore birth, during the birth process, or in the early years of development.

What is considered mental retardation?

The condition is further divided into four levels of retardation based on IQ, which include mild mental retardation (IQ between 50-55 and 70), moderate mental retardation (IQ between 35-40 and 50-55), severe mental retardation (IQ between 20-25 and 35-40), and profound mental retardation (IQ below 20 or 25) (American ...

What is the cause of mental retardation?

Some of the most common known causes of intellectual disability – like Down syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, fragile X syndrome, genetic conditions, birth defects, and infections – happen before birth. Others happen while a baby is being born or soon after birth.

Can mental retardation be fixed?

Intellectual disability is not a disease and cannot be cured, however early diagnosis and ongoing interventions can improve adaptive functioning throughout one's childhood and into adulthood. With ongoing support and interventions, children with intellectual disability can learn to do many things.

What deficiency causes mental retardation?

Iodine deficiency is the most prevalent cause of mental retardation, as it effects brain development, it can lead to hypothyroidism.

What are the 4 types of mental retardation?

The DSM-IV classifies mental retardation into four stages based on severity: mild (IQ score of 50-55 to approximately 70), moderate (IQ score of 30-35 to 50-55), severe (IQ score of 20-25 to 35-40), and profound (IQ score of less than 20-25).

Is intellectual disability a mental illness?

A person with an intellectual disability has a life-long condition of slow intellectual development, where medication has little or no effect. A person with mental illness has a disorder that can be treated with medication, psychotherapy or other supports.

What is the single most leading cause of mental retardation?

The most common known preventable or environmental cause of intellectual disability is fetal alcohol syndrome, the most common chromosomal cause is Down syndrome, and the most common genetic cause is Fragile X syndrome.

What is the IQ score for intellectual disability?

IQ test results fall along the normal (bell-shaped) curve, with an average IQ of 100, and individuals who are intellectually disabled are usually two standard deviations below the average (IQ below 70).

At what age does mental retardation start?

Mental retardation is present in about 2 to 3 percent of the population. It can be defined as cognitive ability that is markedly below average level and a decreased ability to adapt to one's environment. The onset of the condition occurs during the developmental period, i.e., gestation through age 18 years.

Is retardation genetic?

X-LINKED MENTAL RETARDATION. The majority of single genes that have been identified, which give rise to mental retardation are on the X chromosome.

Is ADHD considered an intellectual disability?

The Centers for Disease Control considers ADHD to be a developmental disability. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke does not consider ADHD to be a learning disability. It may be possible to receive disability benefits if you or your child has ADHD.

Does mental retardation get worse with age?

What mental changes occur, as adults with mental- retardation grow older? Like the general population after age 50, people with mental retardation, who do not have Down syndrome, experience a gradual decline in overall intellectual capacity, a decrease in their speed of recall, and slower general cognitive functioning.

What virus causes mental retardation?

A significant association was found between cytomegalovirus infection and microcephalic mental deficiency. This virus may account for about 10% of such cases. Rubella and toxoplasmosis together probably were responsible for about 2-3% of all the cases of mental deficiency.

What does mild retardation look like?

Some of the symptoms of mild intellectual disability include: taking longer to learn to talk, but communicating well once they know how. being fully independent in self-care when they get older. having problems with reading and writing.

Is mental retardation a type of autism?

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is characterized by a distinct pattern of deficits in the areas of socialization, communication and imaginative play. Mental retardation is synonymous with global delay, whereas autism is characterized, in most cases, by both delay and deviance.

What is the most common form of mental retardation?

Down syndrome is the most common genetic cause of intellectual disability.

How do you test for mental retardation?

The first step for diagnosing and classifying a person as having mental retardation is for a qualified person to give one or more standardized intelligence tests and a standardized adaptive skills test on an individual basis. Intelligence quotient (I.Q.) tests are designed to measure intellectual functioning.

Is Low IQ considered a disability?

The SSA has listings of qualified disabilities, and a person with a low IQ can qualify as disabled if they meet the listing criteria. First, the intellectual disability must have been obvious prior to age 22, and the individual must have a full-scale IQ of 70 or lower.

What is the mental age of a 75 IQ?

To further simplify it: An IQ of 75 means that an 8-year-old child will function intellectually overall at 75% of the average 8-year-old's intellectual functioning ie, at an average of a 6-year-old level. As he ages, he will commensurately function intellectually as a 12-year-old at age 16 years.

What causes low IQ in a child?

Infections like meningitis, whooping cough, or the measles can lead to intellectual disability. Severe head injury, near-drowning, extreme malnutrition, infections in the brain, exposure to toxic substances such as lead, and severe neglect or abuse can also cause it.

What mental illness is considered a disability?

Psychiatric disabilities cover a wide range of conditions, including eating disorders, post- traumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders, depression, and other psychiatric conditions.

Does retardation have a spectrum?

An IQ greater than 85 is considered normal, and individuals with an IQ between 71 and 84 are regarded as having a borderline IQ level4. Individuals with an IQ of 50 to 70 have mild MR; those with an IQ of 35 to 50, moderate MR; those with an IQ of 20 to 35, severe MR; and those with an IQ lower than 20, profound MR4.

Can depression cause mental retardation?

Psychomotor retardation is one of the main features of major depressive disorder (MDD) or, more simply, depression. Psychomotor retardation is the slowing down or hampering of your mental or physical activities. You typically see this in the form of slow thinking or slow body movements.

What was Forrest Gump's IQ?

Plot. In 1981, a man named Forrest Gump recounts his life story to strangers who happen to sit next to him at a bus stop. As a boy in 1956, Forrest has an IQ of 75 and is fitted with leg braces to correct a curved spine.

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